Nikephoros II Phokas

   Emperor (q.v.) from 963-969. His greatest triumph as general (domestikos [q.v.] ton scholon) for Romanos II (q.v.) was the conquest of Crete (q.v.) in 961. As emperor, his victories against the Arabs (q.v.) continued with the capture of Cyprus, Tarsos, and Mopsuestia in 965. His generals Peter Phokas and Michael Bourtzes (qq.v) captured Antioch (qq.v.) in 969. He called upon Svjatoslav (q.v.) to defeat the Bulgars (q.v.) in 968, the same year of the unsuccessful embassy of Liutprand of Cremona on behalf of Otto I (qq.v.). He increased the minimum size of land held by soldiers (the stratiotika ktemata [q.v.]) in order to support his new armored troops, the kataphraktoi (q.v.). He forbade new bequests of land to the church (something the patriarch Polyeuktos [q.v.] opposed), but he supported the work of Athanasios of Athos on Mount Athos (qq.v.), where the Great Lavra (q.v.) was founded in 963. He was murdered in 969 in a plot that included his wife Theophano and his general John Tzimiskes (qq.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Nikephoros II. Phokas — (griechisch Nikephoros II. Phokas Νικηφόρος Β′ Φωκάς, von griechisch nikēphoros νικηφόρος ‚Siegesträger‘ und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nikephoros II Phokas — Nicephorus Phocas redirects here. For the emperor s grandfather, see Nikephoros Phokas the Elder. For the Cretan municipality, see Nikiforos Fokas. Nikephoros II Phokas Emperor of the Byzantine Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Nikephoros II — Phokas or Nicephorus II Phocas ( el. polytonic|Νικηφόρος Β΄ Φωκᾶς, Nikēphoros II Phōkas ), (c. 912 ndash;969), was a Byzantine Emperor of Armenian descent (963 969) whose brilliant military exploits contributed to the resurgence of Byzantine… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikephoros Phokas — Nikephoros II. Phokas Nikephoros II. Phokas (griechisch Nikephoros II. Phokas Νικηφόρος Β′ Φωκάς, von griechisch nikēphoros νικηφόρος ‚Siegesträger‘ und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nikephoros Phokas the Elder — (Greek: Νικηφόρος Φωκάς, Nikēphoros Phōkas) (c. 830 c. 896) was one of the great generals in the service of the Eastern Roman Emperor Basil I. Descended from the Phokas family, one of the large land holding families of Anatolia, Nikephoros Phokas …   Wikipedia

  • Nikephoros II. — Nikephoros II. Phokas Nikephoros II. Phokas (griechisch Nikephoros II. Phokas Νικηφόρος Β′ Φωκάς, von griechisch nikēphoros νικηφόρος ‚Siegesträger‘ und phōkē φώκη ‚Robbe‘; * 912 i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nikephoros Phokas — refers to: Nikephoros Phokas the Elder, an eminent Byzantine general, grandfather of emperor Nikephoros II Phokas Nikephoros II Phokas, Byzantine Emperor from 963 to 969 Nikiforos Fokas, a municipality in Greece This disambiguation page lists… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikephoros III Botaneiates — Nikephoros III Botaneiates Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates …   Wikipedia

  • Phokas — Phokas,   griechisch Phokạs, byzantinisches Geschlecht aus Kappadokien, dem neben vielen Feldherren mehrere Kaiser entstammten: Phokas (602 610), Nikephoros II. Phokas (963 969), dessen Neffe Bardas 971 und 987 989 als Gegenkaiser auftrat, und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nikephoros Diogenes — Co emperor of the Byzantine Empire[1] Reign 1070–1071 Born 1070 Died unknown …   Wikipedia

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